Best Programming Languages for AI Development in 2022

For most programmers, Python is the best programming language for AI. Other top contenders include Java, C++, and JavaScript — but Python is likely the best all-around option for AI development. There are several languages that are used for machine learning, including Python, Java, and C++. Many programming languages are commonly used for AI, but there is a handful that are not suitable for it. Perl is one example of a programming language that is typically not used for AI because it is a scripting language.


TensorFlow is Python’s most popular framework for AI development. It’s an open-source machine learning library where you can train deep neural networks. If you’re interested in pursuing a career in artificial intelligence , you’ll need to know how to code. This article will provide you with a high-level overview of the best programming languages and platforms for AI, as well as their key features.


One of the biggest strengths is its interactive environment that facilitates rapid prototyping and exploratory model sections. Some of its most popular libraries are RevoScaleR, MASS, plyr, caret, mlr, and XGBoost. AI is a rapidly growing field that requires specialized knowledge and skills.

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C# and C++ are object-oriented languages containing many tools for building artificial intelligence applications. C++ gets more attention in the AI business than C# as it is a low-level programming language that has been around for a long time. Its strengths come from the rapid processing speed that allows it to handle complex machine learning modules and run with high efficiency. You can build a neural network in C++ and translate user code into something machines can understand. Created in 1983, this language has won the title of “the fastest coding language,” so the speed for AI development is assured. Java is a robust, object-oriented programming language that offers a simple syntax and easy debugging.

What Are the Best Programming Languages for AI Development?

In fact, the very term Artificial Intelligence was coined by John McCarthy, the inventor of LISP. It is one of the most flexible programming languages with automatic garbage collection, quick prototyping abilities, dynamic object creation, and support for symbolic expressions. LISP was used to express the earliest AI programs such as ELIZA. An interesting feature of Julia is that it can easily translate algorithms directly from research papers into code, allowing reduced model risk and increased safety. It is a high performance AI programming language built for modern AI applications and is ideal for developers with a background in Python or R. Developing intuitive AI systems that give users an ethereal experience hinges on using the right programming language for AI.

  • R also has a number of libraries and frameworks for machine learning and AI development, including caret, randomForest, and xgboost.
  • Due to its advantages, R is considered the primary programming language for statistical computations in domains such as biology, sociology, finance and medicine.
  • The pattern matching features has significant importance in natural language processing, computer vision, and intelligent database search.
  • It should be self-explanatory as to why these projects would appeal to a growing business such as yours.
  • For AI development, Java offers ease of usage and debugging and simplifies large-scale projects.
  • Google created and released the Python library TensorFlow for use in AI applications.

More recent data confirms the popularity of this programming language. In 2021, IEEE Spectrum ranked Python first among popular programming languages. To become a machine learning engineer, you need to know more than the basics of machine learning. Saying that, there is no need to learn all, or even a handful, of the existing programming languages. Most engineers in the field of machine learning focus on developing programming skills in one or maybe two programming languages and become experts in those. No-code language or base-level code software applications have become extremely popular over the past decade or so.


ML tools like Tensorflow, Flux, and MVBase are already taking advantage of this, allowing machine learning engineers to save time. One of the reasons for Python’s popularity is its extensive collection of libraries, including a neural network library. These core libraries make it easy for machine learning engineers to access and process data easily. The adoption of artificial intelligence and machine learning is growing at a fast pace. There are several programming languages used in AI and ML development.


best ai language is a newer language that’s gaining popularity for its speed and efficiency. And if you’re looking to develop low-level systems or applications with tight performance constraints, then C++ or C# may be your best bet. Python and Java are both languages that are widely used for AI. The choice between the programming languages depends on how you plan to implement AI. For example, in the case of data analysis, you would probably go with Python.

What Programming Languages Do Artificial Intelligence Engineers Use?

The technology provides helpful features related to code introspection, metaprogramming, and debugging. It is a great choice for any ML project as there are multiple packages for various tasks. The IntelliSoft team is long enough in AI and machine learning development to talk about intelligent technologies.

Can AI replace Python?

The short answer is: 'No. ' However, writing lots of lines of code in a specific language will become a smaller proportion of the role of a software engineer.

Its simple syntax and object-oriented programming help produce the most complex AI programs. This is the most popular programming language for AI, which can be read more about here, and it is always the top choice for developers. It excels at dynamic load balancing, memory management, and adaptive caching, making it a frequent choice when building scalable big data frameworks. If your AI application is resource-intensive and needs quick execution, C++ is an excellent option.

What is the Best Programming Language for AI?

Designed by Graydon Hoare in 2010, Rust is multi-paradigm, a general-purpose programming language designed for performance and safety. Even though it is syntactically similar to C++, Rust guarantees memory safety unlike the former. Another benefit of Rust is that it offers memory safety without garbage collection and reference counting is only optional. If you are someone who has an interest in developing AI solutions, understanding the programming languages used for AI development will be compelling to you.

distributed computing

Over the years, LISP has lost some of its popularity owing to some of its inherent flaws. However, it did lay the foundation for earl AI development and remains a great language to learn for a primer on how the world of Artificial Intelligence evolved. Thanks to its Virtual Machine Technology, Java is exceedingly easy to implement on a variety of platforms. This means that once you AI application is written and compiled on one platform, you can run it on other platforms easily with the write once run anywhere methodology.


Its key feature is that you can use Java almost anywhere, on any platform, through its virtual machine. Lisp is one of the oldest languages in circulation for AI development. But although Python seems friendly, it’s well-equipped to handle large and complex projects.

  • Named after great logician Haskell Curry, Haskell is a general-purpose, statically-typed, purely functional programming language.
  • Julia is one of the best development tools for handling data analysis and numbers.
  • It should go without saying that Java is an important language for AI.
  • The pros and cons are similar to Java’s, except that JavaScript is used more for dynamic and secure websites.
  • Tensorflow is a platform that helps users implement best practices for data automation, performance monitoring, and the retraining of a variety of tools.
  • This library aims to build machine learning models for mobile, desktop, cloud, and web.

Read this blog to learn about the shift-left approach in software testing and how to… Join a network of the world’s best developers and get long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth. Deepen your knowledge of AI/ML & Cloud technologies and learn from tech leaders to supercharge your career growth. Haskell has various sophisticated features, including type classes, which permit type-safe operator overloading. In most cases, R is better than Python when it comes to statistics. It is not a complete list of options for creating smart products.

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Scala is a functional programming language that also relies on object oriented programming. This major programming language has a relatively complex syntax, making it extremely flexible. Another highly reliable object-oriented programming language that has vast applications in AI development is C++. Its rapid processing speed makes it of particular interest to complex machine learning models as it allows them to run with high efficiency. It generates a compact code allowing modules to run with high efficiency. It is a statically typed language which means type errors don’t appear during runtime.

What will replace Python?

Having evolved into a go-to programming language, Rust has seen an increase in its adoption. Although Python holds a firm place in the machine learning and data science community, Rust is likely to be used in the future as a more efficient backend for Python libraries. Rust has huge potential to replace Python.

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